Pollen Specialist Bees of the Eastern United States

Jarrod Fowler & Sam Droege

Pollen Specialist Bee Phenology: JUNE

Table 1. Pollen specialist bee families (n = 6), genera (n = 24), and species (n = 93) with taxonomic authorities, distributions according to records from 20 states (AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, VA, VT, and WV), regional conservation status (Common, Uncommon, or Rare), phenology according to records from 12 months (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, and December), and host plant families and genera. Bee families and member genera and species are presented in ascending alphabetical order. Families, subfamilies, tribes, and subtribes link to BugGuide profiles. Species link to Discover Life species profiles. Month headings link to month-specific lists. Host plants link to USDA PLANTS Database genera profiles: view 'Subordinate Taxa' tabs for regional host plant species. Arthropoda: Hexapoda: Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aculeata: Anthophila (Apoidea):
Family: Subfamily: Tribe: SubtribeGenus (Subgenus) speciesAuthorityRecorded statesStatusJFMAMJJASONDHost plant Family, Genera
Andrenidae: AndreninaeAndrena (Thysandrena) bisalicisViereck, 1908AL-CT-DE-GA-LA-MA-MD-ME-MS-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VA-VT-WVCommon-Uncommon..XXXXX.....Salix L.
Andrena (Conandrena) bradleyiViereck, 1907CT-DE-GA-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VACommon-Uncommon..XXXX......Ericaceae, e.g. Gaylussacia Kunth, Vaccinium L.
Andrena (Andrena) carolinaViereck, 1909AL-GA-CT-DE-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VA-WVCommon-Uncommon...XXXX.....Ericaceae, e.g. Gaylussacia Kunth, Vaccinium L.
Andrena (Andrena) clarkella(Kirby, 1802)CT-MA-ME-NH-NY-RI-VT-WVCommon-Rare...XXXX.....Salix L.
Andrena (Andrena) cornelliViereck, 1907CT-DE-GA-MA-MD-NC-NJ-NY-PA-VAUncommon....XXX.....Rhododendron L.
Andrena (Ptilandrena) distansProvancher, 1888CT-GA-MA-MD-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VACommon-Uncommon...XXX......Geranium L.
Andrena (Tylandrena) erythrogaster(Ashmead, 1890)CT-FL-GA-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VA-VT-WVCommon-Uncommon...XXXX.....Salix L.
Andrena (Leucandrena) erythroniiRobertson, 1891CT-FL-MA-MD-ME-NH-NJ-NY-PA-VA-WVUncommon...XXX......Erythronium L.
Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilisSmith, 1853CT-DE-GA-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VA-WVCommon....XXX.....Cornus (Swida) L.
Andrena (Andrena) frigidaSmith, 1853CT-GA-MA-MD-ME-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VACommon-Uncommon..XXXX......Salix L.
Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) gardineriCockerell, 1906AL-FL-GA-MD-MS-NC-SC-VA-WVUncommon...XXX......Packera Á. Löve & D. Löve
Andrena (Euandrena) geraniiRobertson, 1891FL-MD-NH-NJ-NY-PA-VA-VT-WVUncommon...XXXX.....Hydrophyllum L.
Andrena (Micrandrena) illinoiensisRobertson, 1891MD-NY-VARare...XXX......Salix L.
Andrena (Gonandrena) integraSmith, 1853CT-MA-ME-MD-NC-NJ-NY-PA-VA-VTUncommon....XXXXX...Cornus (Swida) L.
Andrena (Scrapteropsis) kalmiaeAtwood, 1934CT-MA-ME-NHUncommon...XXXX.....Ericaceae, e.g. Kalmia L., Lyonia Nutt., Vaccinium L.
Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) krigianaRobertson, 1901AL-CT-FL-GA-LA-MA-MD-MS-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-SC-VA-WVUncommon..XXXX......Cichorieae, e.g. Hieracium L., Krigia Schreb.
Andrena (Andrena) macoupinensisRobertson, 1900AL-FL-GA-MD-MS-NC-PA-SC-VA-WVUncommon..XXXX......Salix L.
Andrena (Micrandrena) melanochroaCockerell, 1898CT-GA-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-VA-WVUncommon..XXXXX.....Rosaceae, e.g. Fragaria L., Potentilla L., Rubus L.
Andrena (Micrandrena) nigraeRobertson, 1905AL-CT-DE-FL-GA-MA-MD-ME-MS-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VA-VT-WVUncommon...XXX......Salix L.
Andrena (Gonandrena) perisimulataViereck, 1917CT-MA-ME-NH-NYUncommon....XXX.....Cornus (Swida) L.
Andrena (Gonandrena) platypariaRobertson, 1895CT-DE-FL-MA-MD-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-VAUncommon.....XX.....Cornus (Swida) L.
Andrena (Trachandrena) rehniViereck, 1907CT, DE, GA, MA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, PA, VARare...XXX......Castanea Mill.
Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) rudbeckiaeRobertson, 1891DE-FL-LA-MD-MS-NC-NJ-NY-PARare....XXXX....Ratibida Raf., Rudbeckia L.
Andrena (Trachandrena) sigmundiCockerell, 1902CT-GA-MA-ME-NC-NH-RI-VTCommon..XXXX......Salix L.
Andrena (Micrandrena) ziziaeRobertson, 1891CT-GA-MA-MD-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-VA-VT-WVCommon-Uncommon...XXX......Zizia W.D.J. Koch
Andrenidae: Panurginae: CalliopsiniCalliopsis (Calliopsima) coloradensisCresson, 1878AL-GA-LA-MS-NCUncommon-Rare.....XXXXX..Asteraceae, e.g. Chrysopsis (Nutt.) Elliot, Grindelia Willd., Solidago L., Symphyotrichum Nees
Andrenidae: Panurginae: Panurgini: PanurginiaPanurginus atramontensisCrawford, 1926GA-MD-MS-NC-NJ-VARare...XXX......Vaccinium (Polycodium) L.
Andrenidae: Panurginae: Panurgini: PerditinaPerdita (Cockerellia) albipennisCresson, 1868MSRare.....XXXXX..Asteraceae, e.g. Grindelia Willd., Helianthus L., Heterotheca Cass., Rudbeckia L., Symphyotrichum Nees, Verbesina L.
Perdita (Cockerellia) bequaertiViereck, 1917AL-FL-GA-MD-MS-NC-NJ-NY-SCUncommon-Rare.....XXXX...Asteraceae e.g. Bidens L., Balduina Nutt., Helianthus L. [Physalis L.?]
Perdita (Hexaperdita) foveataTimberlake, 1956FLRare....XX......Asteraceae, e.g. Coreopsis L.
Perdita (Perdita) gerhardiViereck, 1904FL-MD-NC-NJ-VA-WVRare...XXXXX....Monarda L.
Perdita (Perdita) halictoidesSmith, 1853FL-GA-MA-MD-NC-NH-NJ-NY-VTUncommon-Rare...XXXXXX...Physalis L.
Perdita (Hexaperdita) ignotaCockerell, 1896LAUncommon-Rare.....XXX....Asteraceae: Astereae e.g. Grindelia Willd., Heterotheca Cass., Solidago L.
Perdita (Perdita) maculigeraCockerell, 1896NYRare...XXX......Salix L.
Perdita (Alloperdita) novaeangliaeViereck, 1907FL-CT-MA-NC-RI-SCUncommon....XXX.....Lyonia Nutt.
Andrenidae: Panurginae: ProtandreniniProtandrena abdominalis(Cresson, 1878)GA-MD-NC-NJ-PA-VA-WVRare....XXXXX...Monarda L.
Andrenidae: Panurginae: ProtandreniniPseudopanurgus albitarsis(Cresson, 1872)GA-NC-VARare....XXXXX...Asteraceae, e.g. Coreopsis L., Helianthus L., Ratibida Raf., Rudbeckia L.
Pseudopanurgus passifloraeRobertson, 1897MS-NC-VARare...XXXXXX...Passiflora L.
Pseudopanurgus pauper(Cresson, 1878)CT-FL-GA-MA-MD-NC-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VA-WVRare.....XXX....Ceanothus L.
Pseudopanurgus virginicus(Cockerell, 1907)AL-GA-MD-NC-VA-WVRare....XX......Ceanothus L., Houstonia L.
Apidae: Apinae: EmphoriniDiadasia (Coquillettapis) afflica(Cresson, 1878)LA-MSRare..XXXX......Malvaceae, e.g. Callirhoe Nutt.
Apidae: Apinae: EmphoriniMelitoma taurea(Say, 1837)AL-DE-FL-GA-LA-MD-MS-NC-NJ-PA-SC-VA-WVCommon.....XXXX...Calystegia R. Br., Ipomoea L.
Apidae: Apinae: EmphoriniPtilothrix bombiformis(Cresson, 1878)AL-CT-DE-FL-GA-LA-MD-MS-NC-NJ-NY-PA-SC-VA-WVCommon-Uncommon.....XXX....Hibiscus L.
Apidae: Apinae: EuceriniCemolobus ipomoeae(Robertson, 1891)AL-GA-MD-NC-PA-VA-WVRare.....XX.....Calystegia R. Br., Ipomoea L.
Apidae: Apinae: EuceriniFlorilegus (Florilegus) condignus(Cresson, 1878)AL-DE-FL-GA-LA-MD-MS-NC-NJ-SC-VAUncommon-Rare...XXXXX....Pontederia L.
Apidae: Apinae: EuceriniMelissodes (Eumelissodes) agilisCresson, 1878AL-CT-DE-FL-GA-LA-MA-MD-ME-MS-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VA-VT-WVCommon-Uncommon....XXXXXXX.Asteraceae, e.g. Grindelia Willd., Helianthus L., Ratibida Raf., Solidago L.
Melissodes (Apomelissodes) apicatusLovell and Cockerell, 1906CT-DE-FL-GA-MA-MD-ME-NH-NJ-NYUncommon-Rare..XXXXX.....Pontederia L.
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) denticulatusSmith, 1854AL-CT-DE-FL-GA-LA-MA-MD-MS-NC-NJ-NY-PA-VA-VT-WVCommon-Uncommon....XXXXXX..Asteraceae, e.g. Vernonia Schreb.
Melissodes (Heliomelissodes) desponsusSmith, 1854AL-CT-DE-FL-GA-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VA-VT-WVCommon.....XXXXX..Asteraceae, e.g. Cirsium Mill.
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) druriellus(Kirby, 1802)AL-CT-GA-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VA-VT-WVUncommon....XXXXXXX.Asteraceae, e.g. Euthamia Nutt. ex Cass., Helianthus L., Rudbeckia L., Solidago L., Symphyotrichum Nees, Vernonia Schreb.
Melissodes (Apomelissodes) fimbriatusCresson, 1878MS-NC-VARare...XXXX.....Oenothera L.
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosusLaBerge, 1961MD-MS-NC-SC-VARare.....XXXXX..Asteraceae, e.g. Chrysopsis (Nutt.) Elliot, Pityopsis Nutt., Solidago L.
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) subillatusLaBerge, 1961CT-DE-MA-MD-ME-NC-NJ-NY-PA-VA-WVUncommon.....XXXX...Asteraceae, e.g. Coreopsis L., Cirsium Mill., Rudbeckia L., Symphyotrichum Nees, Vernonia Schreb.
Apidae: Apinae: EuceriniPeponapis (Peponapis) pruinosa(Say, 1837)CT-DE-GA-LA-MA-MD-ME-MS-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VA-VT-WV Common.....XXXX...Cucurbita L.
Apidae: Apinae: EuceriniSvastra (Anthedonia) compta(Cresson, 1878)GA-MD-NC-NJ-PAUncommon.....XXXXXX.Oenothera L.
Svastra (Epimelissodes) obliqua(Say, 1837)AL-DE-FL-GA-LA-MD-MS-NC-NJ-NY-SC-VAUncommon.....XXXXXX.Asteraceae, e.g. Cirsium Mill., Grindelia Willd., Helianthus L., Rudbeckia L., Vernonia Schreb.
Svastra (Epimelissodes) petulca(Cresson, 1878)AL-FL-GA-LA-MS-NC-NJ-SCUncommon-Rare...XXXXXX...Asteraceae, e.g. Coreopsis L., Helenium L., Helianthus L., Pyrrhopappus DC., Ratibida Raf., Rudbeckia L., Verbesina L.
Apidae: Apinae: EuceriniXenoglossa (Eoxenoglossa) kansensisCockerell, 1905FL-NC-SCRare....XXXX....Cucurbita L., Ipomoea L.
Xenoglossa (Eoxenoglossa) strenua(Cresson, 1878)AL-FL-GA-LA-MD-MS-NC-SC-VAUncommon....XXXX....Cucurbita L.
ColletidaeColletes aestivalisPatton, 1879DE-GA-MA-MD-MS-NC-NY-VARare....XXX.....Heuchera L.
Colletes americanusCresson, 1868CT-FL-GA-LA-MA-MD-ME-MS-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-VA-WVCommon-Uncommon....XXXXXX..Asteraceae, e.g. Euthamia Nutt. ex Cass., Grindelia Willd., Helianthus L., Pityopsis Nutt., Rudbeckia L., Solidago L., Symphyotrichum Nees
Colletes banksiSwenk, 1908CT-FL-GA-LA-NC-NJ-NY-SC-VARare...XXXX.....Ilex L.
Colletes brevicornisRobertson, 1897FL-GA-LA-MD-NC-NJ-SC-VA-WVUncommon..XXXX......Campanula L., Triodanis Raf. ex Greene
Colletes brimleyiMitchell, 1951FL-GA-NC-NJ-SCRare..XXXX......Ilex L.
Colletes compactusCresson, 1868CT-DE-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VA-VT-WVCommon.....XXXXXX.Asteraceae, e.g. Bidens L., Chrysopsis (Nutt.) Elliot, Rudbeckia L., Solidago L., Symphyotrichum Nees
Colletes francesaeDeyrup & Deyrup, 2011FL Rare.....X......Sideroxylon L.
Colletes latitarsisRobertson, 1891AL-CT-FL-GA-MA-MD-ME-MS-NC-NJ-NY-PA-SC-VA-WVUncommon..XXXXXXX...Physalis L.
Colletes productusRobertson, 1891AL-CT-FL-GA-LA-MA-MD-NC-NH-NJ-SC-VA-WVUncommon-Rare...XXXX.....Lyonia Nutt., Vaccinium L., e.g. Vaccinium arboreum Marshall
Colletes simulansCresson, 1868AL-CT-FL-GA-MA-MD-ME-MS-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VA-VT-WVCommon....XXXXXXX.Euthamia Nutt. ex Cass., Solidago L., Symphyotrichum Nees
Colletes validusCresson, 1868CT-DE-GA-MA-ME-MD-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-SC-VAUncommon..XXXXX.....Ericaceae, e.g. Vaccinium L.
Colletes willistoniRobertson, 1891FL-GA-MD-NC-NJ-NY-PA-VARare...XXXXXX...Physalis L.
Halictidae: Halictinae: HalictiniLasioglossum (Hemihalictus) lustrans(Cockerell, 1897)AL-DE-FL-GA-LA-MD-MS-NC-SC-VARare...XXXXXX...Pyrrhopappus DC.
Lasioglossum (Sphecodogastra) oenotherae(Stevens, 1920)CT-GA-LA-MA-MD-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-VA-WVUncommon.....XXX....Oenothera L.
Lasioglossum (Hemihalictus) pectinatum(Robertson, 1890)CT-DE-GA-MA-MD-NJ-NY-PA-VA-WVRare.....XXX....Physalis L.
Halictidae: RophitinaeDufourea novaeangliae(Robertson, 1897)CT-MA-MD-ME-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VA-VTCommon-Rare....XXX.....Pontederia L.
Megachilidae: AnthidiiniDianthidium (Dianthidium) curvatum(Smith, 1854)AL-FL-GA-MS-NC-SCUncommon...XXXXXX...Asteraceae, e.g. Coreopsis L., Grindelia Willd., Helenium L., Helianthus L.
Megachilidae: MegachiliniMegachile (Megachiloides) brimleyiMitchell, 1926FL-GA-NCUncommon.....XXXX...Galactia P. Br.
Megachile (Megachiloides) integraCresson, 1878AL-FL-GA-MD-NC-NJ-SCRare..XXXXXXX...Galactia P. Br., Strophostyles Elliot
Megachile (Megachiloides) oenotherae(Mitchell, 1924)GA-LA-NC-NJRare...XXX......Oenothera L.
Megachile (Argyropile) parallelaSmith, 1853FL-GA-LA-MS-NC-VARare.....XXXX...Asteraceae, e.g. Baccharis L., Coreopsis L., Grindelia Willd., Helenium L., Helianthus L., Heterotheca Cass., Rudbeckia L., Symphyotrichum Nees, Verbesina L.
Megachile (Sayapis) pugnataSay, 1837CT-DE-GA-MA-MD-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-VA-VT-WVUncommon.....XXXX...Asteraceae, e.g. Cirsium Mill., Coreopsis L., Erigeron L., Grindelia Willd., Helianthus L., Rudbeckia L.
Megachile (Melanosarus) xylocopoidesSmith, 1853AL-DE-FL-GA-LA-MD-MS-NC-NJ-SC-VAUncommon..XXXXXXXX..Asteraceae, e.g. Coreopsis L., Erigeron L., Helianthus L., Rudbeckia L., Solidago L., Vernonia Schreb.
Megachilidae: OsmiiniAshmeadiella (Ashmeadiella) bucconis(Say, 1837)GA-LA-NCRare....XXXX....Asteraceae, e.g. Coreopsis L., Erigeron L., Grindelia Willd., Heterotheca Cass., Helianthus L., Rudbeckia L., Solidago L., Verbesina L.
Megachilidae: OsmiiniOsmia (Melanosmia) distinctaCresson, 1864CT-DE-FL-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-VA-VT-WVUncommon..XXXXX.....Penstemon Schmidel
Osmia (Helicosmia) texanaCresson, 1872MD-VA-WVRare..XXXXXX....Cirsium Mill.
Osmia (Melanosmia) virgaSandhouse, 1939CT-DE-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VA-WVUncommon...XXX......Vaccinium L.
Melittidae: Melittinae: MacropidiniMacropis (Macropis) ciliataPatton, 1880CT-GA-MA-MD-ME-NC-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VAUncommon-Rare....XXXX....Lysimachia L.
Macropis (Macropis) nuda(Provancher, 1882)CT-MA-ME-NH-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VT-WVUncommon-Rare.....XXXX...Lysimachia L.
Macropis (Macropis) patellataPatton, 1880CT-MA-MD-NC-NJ-NY-PA-RI-VA-VTRare.....XXX....Lysimachia L.
Macropis (Macropis) steironematisRobertson, 1891GA-NC-VARare.....XX.....Lysimachia L.
Melittidae: Melittinae: MelittiniMelitta (Cilissa) americana(Smith, 1853)AL-CT-FL-GA-LA-MA-MS-NC-NJ-NYUncommon-Rare.....XX.....Vaccinium L., e.g. Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton
Melitta (Cilissa) eickwortiSnelling & Stage, 1995GA-MD-NC-NJ-NY-WVRare....XX......Vaccinium (Polycodium) L.
Melitta (Cilissa) melittoides(Viereck, 1909)CT-GA-MA-MD-NC-NH-NJ-PA-SC-VARare.....XX.....Lyonia Nutt.

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Visit: Host Plants for Pollen Specialist Bees of the Eastern United States

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